CHONGQING

A Charming City of Antiquity and Modernity

 

Chongqing, A.K.A “Yu” for short, is located along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River in Southwest China. As China’s fourth municipality directly under the administration of the Central Government and the only one in Western China, it is newly established as one of five central cities in China.

Chongqing has a long history dating back to the Yin and Zhou dynasties. It was the capital of the Ancient Ba Kingdom during the Shang Dynasty and the Zhou Dynasty. From the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC) to the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386–589), it was the seat of Ba County. The Jialing Riverwas called Yu River in the ancient time, thus Chongqing was also known as Ba Yu from then on. In 1189, Zhao Chun successively was crowned as Prince Gong and later the Emperor of the Song Dynasty. He therefore renamed Yu Zhou as “Chongqing Fu”, meaning double celebrations.

During the late Yuan Dynasty and the early Ming Dynasty,Chongqing was the capital of the Great Xia Kingdom. It became the war-time capital of Chinaand the Commanding Centerof the Anti-Fascist War in theFar Eastduring the World War II. It was established as a municipality directly administrated by the Central Government after the founding of the P.R.C.. In 1954, it became a city under the jurisdiction of SichuanProvince, and in 1997, it was re-established as the fourth municipality directly under the administration of the Central Government.

Chongqing is the logistic hub combining water, road and air transportations, a modern manufacturing base, an important business center and the pivot for integrated transportation and communications along the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and in the southwestChina. It has established business and trade relations with more than 180 countries and regions. Its modern farming is now growing with strong momentum. It features a wide range of fast developing industries, including automobile, motorcycle, equipment, gas/petroleum chemical engineering and materials.

Chongqing is a well-known tourism city for its fantastic mountain-river scenery and abundant historic and cultural sites, such as Three Gorges of Yangtze River,Dazu Rock Carvings,Three Natural Bridges in Wulong,Tiankeng and Difeng (giant karst pit and fissure) in Fengjie, Baiheliang Ridge in Fuling, Hechuan Fishing Town Relics and World Hot Spring Capital, etc.

To “follow the scientific outlook on development and build prosperity inChongqing” is becoming the pursuit of all the Chongqing people.

Geography  Location

Situated at 105°17'-110°11'E and 28°10'-32°13'N, at the transitional area between the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the plain along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, Chongqing is the junction area between the developed eastern regions and the resource-abundant western regions.

Climate

Chongqing has a subtropical humid monsoon climate, with long frost-free period and abundant rain fall. The average annual temperature is around 16-18. It has a total annual sunshine exposure of 1,000 to 1,200 hours and an annual rainfall of 1,000-1,400 mm.

Area

It covers 82,400 square kilometers and governs 38 districts and counties (including autonomous counties).

Economy

Chongqing’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2012 was RMB 1145.9 billin yuan, up 13.6% year-on-year, ranking the second in China.

Population

Chongqing has a total population of 33,434,400 with permanent residents of 29,450,000. The majority of the residents are Han ethnic group, while some ethnic minority groups also inhabit here, including Tujia and Miao people .